This is mainly written for the couples out there who are looking for a single lady swinger, but the tips are relevant for single males as well.
First off you need to know that it is just not going to be as easy as you would like.
It is about as likely as catching HIV from oral sex. Especially if you are looking for a bi lady who has long blonde hair, 36C, has a nice tight ass, has a single bi girlfriend, has no baggage and wants to do both of you exclusively (assuming you are a couple). It is statistically possible but unlikely.
On the other hand if you are looking for a divorced mom with a couple of kids, mortgage up her butt, a few extra pounds, pretty but not super model material. She may not be perfect but she still knows how to have fun, you are more likely to succeed.
Unless of course you are independently wealthy, own a Ferrari, and don’t mind paying for all their dinners and entertainment, then you should be able to find lots of single women even if you act like an idiot.
Pretty much all the single women Ted and I have met in the swinging lifestyle have had their share of baggage. They only want to do me (actually we have had that situation come up with couples too, funny thing though they don’t tell us that at the start, they just make it obvious once things start to happen). Sorry, Ted and I are in this together, for each other’s enjoyment.
Single women don’t need swinger’s magazines or swinger’s websites to meet someone. They can go into almost any busy bar and pick up whoever they want. They are in control. That is not to say that they don’t use magazines or websites to meet people, but the ones I have seen generally do the responding because as soon as they put up an ad or profile they get inundated with replies, as I am sure you can imagine.
Single women are the most sought after prize in the lifestyle, and so rare that they are often referred to as a Unicorn. But unlike the Unicorn they do actually exist.
So make sure you remember how much of a prize she is when you do meet one, and treat her special. Take care to remember that you should never neglect your own partner though, or you will pay for that later on (jealousy is no fun). This goes for both the men and the women out there.
So for all the single men out there, since you have now read my article on how to pick up single women for couples, then you need to realize that it is going to be even harder for you, as a single man, to find these elusive sexual women than it is for the couples, but it is possible.
The first thing to keep in mind when shopping for a protective cover is the application. Tarpaulins come in a variety of weights, thicknesses, and materials. Most people are very familiar with the popular poly blue tarps that can be found at most discount stores. These “blues” are at the low end of the quality spectrum and are not intended to last for very long or handle much stress or strain. At the same time, the blue ploys are inexpensive, convenient, and highly useful for temporary cover. If more than that is needed, there are several other varieties to choose from in the poly and vinyl categories.
Generally speaking, vinyl is stronger than poly, and more expensive. If you need something that won’t be likely to rip or tear, vinyl is a better choice. At the same time, there are plenty of times when inexpensive poly will do the job beautifully and for far less money. Understanding the various types of both poly and vinyl tarps that are available on the market today will help you to select the best product for your needs.
Poly White Tarp
The most common use for a white tarp is to provide long term protection for boats, cars, and RVs. They are also used in landscaping, roofing, to cover wood piles, and even skating rinks. Unlike the lightweight blue tarp, a white tarp is a heavy duty tarp designed to last longer and to withstand the effects of sun, wind, and rain. A white tarp is waterproof, mildew, rot, tear and acid resistant, and can handle below freezing temperatures. They are also UV treated for protection against sunlight and to ensure a longer life. A quality white tarp offers heat sealed edges and the hems are reinforced with rope. Corners are reinforced with a solid plastic bar, adding strength and stability. The material is 11-12 mils thick, making it durable and tear resistant.
Poly Silver Tarp
A silver tarp is another variety of heavy duty poly tarp. At 12 mils thick, they are highly rip resistant. They are also treated to be water, rot, and mildew resistant, and can be used in sub-zero temperatures. Silver tarps are frequently used for roofing, trailer and RV covers, woodpiles, and landscaping. Like the white tarp, a silver tarp offers UV protection and heat sealed seams reinforced with rope in the hems and rust resistant grommets.
Vinyl Clear Tarps
Vinyl clear tarps are an excellent choice for patio and porch enclosures, allowing you to enjoy the outdoors without getting wet. They can also turn your RV awning into an instant porch with a view. Unlike many others, clear tarpaulins come in both poly and vinyl material. Vinyl clear tarps are available in both 18 oz – 20 mil size and 27 oz – 30 mil size. This means that they feature 18 or 20 ounces of material per square yard and are 20 to 30 mil thick. This makes them some of the strongest tarps available on the market. Clear vinyl tarps are highly waterproof, tear resistant, as well as acid, oil, grease, and mildew resistant.
Poly Clear Tarps
Clear poly tarps are lighter and less expensive and provide less protection than their vinyl cousins. If you will be painting your home and want to protect the furniture or the shrubs, poly is an excellent choice. In those situations, you can save a lot of money be using poly instead of vinyl. In situations where strength and durability are important, vinyl will give you all the protection you need.
Over the years, the benefits of interior landscaping have managed to expand beyond the area of simple office decoration and into the realms of productivity, health and marketing. In fact, the long list of advantages have ensured that hiring professional landscapers has become an essential investment for companies.
Everyone now knows that office plants have more than just aesthetic qualities, and in fact clean the air that employees breathe, lower the temperature in the office they work in, and can even serve functional purposes, such as being effective office dividers. The benefits are so well documented and so keenly measured, that plants are vital if the maximum potential of the office is to be achieved.
In fact, landscaping is now as important to an office as marketing is to a sales campaign. Just as scent marketing is proven to encourage sales, releasing scent into an office has been shown to increase productivity. But there are other reasons that suggest landscaping is now essential, four of which are listed below.
Making Work Enjoyable
In the modern era of employment, even with the economic recession that has hit the world so hard, job seekers have little hesitation in changing jobs to suit their own particular needs. While our parents lived in a time when the pay check was the most important aspect of having a job, we live in a time when job satisfaction is a more dominant influence.
Unhappy employees are more likely to leave, and find a place of work they are happier in. This means that providing a happy and positive working environment has become a major concern for HR departments and services.
Of course, the more-documented advantages are the higher levels of productivity, the lower rates of absenteeism and the greater creativity that has been attributed to plants in the work place. Not to mention the fact that workers have testified to enjoying going to work, even on Mondays, which for so long had been associated with the post-weekend blues.
Countering High Pressure
Depending on the particular office and the work that it does, there can be a considerable amount of pressure in the work place. Financial services, for example, are synonymous with high levels of pressure, and in such cases the predominant mood can make the office a rather unpleasant place to work in.
By landscaping the office interior, plants can be introduced to vastly improve the mood. It is more than just having some fresh green living plants in an otherwise sterile environment, but the psychological effect that such greenery has on personnel. The sense of openness and freshness lifts some of the pressure and stress, while their ability to filter the air improves levels of concentration.
Another aspect of landscaping is the infusion of scent in the air, enhancing this fresher working environment. Specific scents are also linked with improvement in mood, reduction is stress and increases in productivity.
The health of employees in their working environment is a hugely important thing, what with the certification that is required from health and safety officers. Besides the fact that good health reduces absenteeism, companies are at risk if a workplace is proven to cause serious illness.
Since employers are responsible for the health of their employees while at work, investing in professional interior landscaping services can help to ensure that their responsibility is met. This is because plants are proven to improve the air quality of the typical office, removing headache-inducing carbon dioxide and releasing refreshing oxygen into the air. Studies have also shown that office plants contribute to a reduction in dust levels, therefore benefiting asthma suffers, and have shown that plants lower office temperatures and reduce noise levels. Even when it comes to the common cold going around, a reduction in these kinds of cases has also been shown in some studies.
The list of benefits that come with having office plants in the workplace is long, but amongst them is scent marketing, and the fact that clients and visitors can get a more positive impression of a company due to the scent in the air. This encourages business which, of course, can lead to higher profits. No matter which way one looks at it, the use of plants in the working environment has so many positives that hiring a professional interior landscaping service is considered an essential investment.
I recently bought a Bosch PB360D Power box and this model is similar to the PB360S which is the standard version. I was asked many times what are the differences between the two models. Thus in answering the question, this article will discuss the differences. Well for a start the notation “D” represents the deluxe version of this well known job-site radio from Bosch.
However, I wish to highlight that there are many similarities between the two versions. Both are built to be heavy-duty job-site radios that can withstand the rough working site conditions and still provide a powerful 360 degree clear sound.
However there are differences between the two models which are not obvious and these differences are discussed below.
The most obvious difference is the control panel. In the PB360D, it has a backlit control panel while PB360S has a normal control panel without any backlit. The backlit has a light bluish tone enabling the display details to be seen in low light condition.
The second difference is the deluxe version has a built-in extra SIRIUS Satellite Dock. Thus one can plug in or dock one’s satellite radio and enjoy satellite radio broadcasting in addition to the built-in FM and AM radio.
The third difference is the types of power outlets. The PB360D and PB360S besides being job-site radios are also power boxes. That is one can plug in one’s power tools to the power outlet and runs from there. The power outlet found in PB360D is GFCi types while those in PB360S are the normal ones. The term GFCi stands for ground fault circuit interrupter which is a safety device. However there are no problems powering Bosch power tools with the power outlets of both models.
The final difference between the two models is the availability of a remote control. The deluxe version comes with a remote while the standard version has none. Well having or not having a remote is not a big deal. In my opinion, the remote may be easily lost in work sites as it is easily taken away.
Well the above are the main differences between the two models. Due to these differences, there is a difference in price too. The model PB360S costs about $180 while the deluxe model PB360D costs $100 dollars more. Both models are available and can be ordered online through online stores like Amazon.com.
Under water sex sounds hot right? Two almost naked bodies glistening in the summer sun… A flirtatious splish, a friendly splash, your body weightlessly wrapped around his for an intimate kiss and some cheeky under water touching.
It is hot, and it’s definitely easy to get carried away with the motions of the ocean when the touching develops into bona fide bumping and grinding. But before you go grabbing your bikini and your man you may want to consider the following facts regarding your health and under water sex.
SEX IN THE WATER FACTS
1. Water does nothing but wash your natural lubrication away. Making under water sex awkward and uncomfortable.
2. Chlorinated or salt water are not ideal to get inside a woman. It will cause discomfort and irritation in such a sensitive area.
3. Sex underwater is difficult to practice safe sex. Even if you do manage to come prepared with protection, chlorinated or salt water do not mix with condoms.
Basically, if you want to stay healthy, comfortable and also actually enjoy the whole experience, sex in a pool, in the ocean, anal sex under water or basically any form of penetrative sex in the water is better left for dry ground.
SO WHAT IS UNDER WATER SEX GOOD FOR?
Foreplay! And lots of it! So we’re back at the beach, you’re feeling great in your bikini and he’s looking oh so hot in his swimmers. Let your mind get carried away with a little fantasy and enjoy your time together by letting the anticipation build. By not being able to have actual sex underwater (besides the innocent foreplay) you are both going to be crazy randy for it by the time you get back to dry land. Importantly your mind is going to be ready for sex and in turn your body is also going to be well on its way.
SEX IN A POOL
But for those who still want to experiment, you can try oral sex in the water. This is easiest in a spa or on the steps of a pool with you sitting on the edge to avoid chlorine getting in to your vagina. If you’re keen you can even try giving him a blow job under water, still by the safety and relative comfort by the side of the pool.
If you are super eager and are already very comfortable with regular anal sex, you can try for anal sex under water. Although it is possible to experiment with in a pool or spa, you will definitely still need ample amounts of a silicone-based lubricant. And although this lube is condom safe, and water resistant just be mindful that it is likely to cause a bit of a mess, and chlorine and anal sex under water will usually only result in one thing: Ring Sting!
All in all remember that sex in the water equals excellent foreplay. So enjoy your day at the beach or the pool, come out of the water and share a kiss, wrapped together in one big fluffy towel… then race home to your bedroom.
In a globally competitive marketplace, it is increasingly important that job hunting teens develop good career and job search habits early. Teens seeking work or volunteer experiences to learn new skills or just earn extra cash should learn to write three very important letters as part of an effective job search strategy. These three critical letters are the Cover Letter, the Thank You Letter and the Reject-A-Job-Offer Letter.
In addition to the specifics of these three letters, here are some general tips that should apply to all written job search communications from teens:- Be brief and make the point clearly- Avoid spelling and grammatical errors- Use appropriate salutations- Include writer’s name and address- If using email, watch the use of slang terminology or text message abbreviations- Get help proofreading resumes, letters and job applications
A cover letter, otherwise called a “letter of application” should accompany a resume. The simple goal of the cover letter for a teenager is to highlight specific skills and to show interest in the job. Avoid long paragraphs but write complete sentences. Since not all companies will require cover letters, the general rule of thumb for teenagers seeking a job, is to use a cover letter, unless the job posting specifically says not to do so.
Teenagers should always send a Thank-You letter to a hiring manager, after the job interview. Slippery Rock University career center states that only 33% of interview candidates will follow through and send a Thank-You letter. An employer poll by Monster.com says that 65% of employers expect a Thank-You note. 36% percent of those surveyed say they prefer Thank-You notes sent by email compared to 29% who prefer the Thank-You letter by traditional mail. Use this letter to thank the employer for the interview, to remind them about interest in the job and emphasize relevant skills. Since so few people and definitely fewer teenagers send Thank-You Letters, it will definitely demonstrate professional maturity.
Teenagers sometimes apply for several jobs before getting hired. If they receive a job offer from an employer and decide, for whatever reason, not to take that job, it is important that they send a Reject-a-Job-Offer-Letter. This letter is also very simple, but will go a long way to demonstrate professionalism. Sometimes if the chosen job does not pan out, the employer who received a Reject-a-Job-Offer, might be willing to speak with the teenager again. This letter should express appreciation for being considered and state clearly that the job seeker is declining the job offer. Also include a willingness to be contacted for future opportunities.
When you are too long in the same workplace, you may have lost your passion for your job. Here are some symptoms which show that you don’t love your job anymore. You may start complaining about your workload. You may even start to “hate’ your employer. There are many things you don’t like about your company, such as company policies, medical benefits, remuneration package, working environment, etc. You may not agree with me. But let’s read on.
Many people say that they love their jobs, but sometimes they don’t show it. They don’t show their commitment and they don’t take accountability. For those fresh graduates, at the initial stage, they could not do enough for their jobs. They might strive hard to achieve their employers’ expectations. However, when they have reached certain level, they start to take their jobs for granted. They just treat their jobs as a “vehicle” for them to generate income.
In common, most of the working adults go through this process. When they were courting their jobs, they talked all things nice about what they were doing and they promised their commitment to it. However, when the duration is too long, they have nothing but they keep complaining about their jobs. They even threaten their bosses to leave their jobs! Some of them make resignation as a tool to request for salary increment.
They don’t realize that their jobs can work wonders. They don’t know that their jobs can change their entire life. In fact, their jobs provide great satisfaction in their life but they are not aware of it. May be when their jobs have gone, then only they will start appreciating their work. They have forgotten that their jobs are responsible for the food on their table, the clothes they wear and for the welfare of their home sweet home.
Having positive mindset from time to time is important no matter how many years you are in the workplace. Even we are from different industries and different lines, we need to cherish our jobs. We get paid by our employers every month for our services. Hence, we need to provide the best to our organizations. Our contribution is essential in assisting the organizations to achieve great success. In return, we are rewarded. We gain financial stability.
I hope you will always remember this statement. “Take good care of your job and it will take good care of you”.
Employment Site Job Search Resources
Employment web sites have been the greatest advance in the field of recruiting
since the creation of the resume. Since their first appearance on the World Wide
Web, job boards and career portals have connected more organizations to more
talent more efficiently than any other single medium in existence. Both employers
and recruiters now consider these sites a critical component of their sourcing and
recruiting strategy. Today, job boards and career portals serve virtually every
profession, craft and trade, in every industry, in every country of the world.
Employment Site Services & Features
Access to employment opportunities and job postings in your hometown and around
Private, automated notification by e-mail or RSS/XML of job openings that match
your employment objective.
Information about effective job search techniques.
Resources for a successful job search, such as resume writing assistance,
interviewing advice, salary and compensation information.
Links to additional job search and career management resources at other
Skills for effective career self-management.
Resume databases to announce your availability to potential employers and
Selecting Employment Sites
With so many career related sites to choose from you really must find a way to
narrow your focus. Most people check out the big Employment Super Sites, like
Monster, Hot Jobs and CareerBuilder. But, they are not the only, or even always
the best, place to look. Smaller, more focused sites can often be much more useful
Specialized Industry or Occupation Employment Sites
These specialized sites focus on a specific niche, usually an industry,
profession, or a combination of both. These sites are highly targeted toward
the professionals of the specific industry it serves. The specialization means
the site is smaller, fewer jobs and fewer resumes and less competition for
the posted jobs.
Some employers will only use these sites because they are usually less
expensive than the Super Sites and their job postings don’t get lost in the
postings from other companies.
Regional and Local Employment Sites
There are also local and regional job sites that can be effective in finding a
job in a specific location. Again, many of these sites include listings from
local employers who may not be inclined to post on the major jobs sites.
These sites focus on a specific geographic area, usually a city or state.
The upside on these is that the jobs should be located where you
want to work. The downside is that there may not be thousands of jobs listed.
Local and regional employers don’t always post on the major jobs sites
like Monster or Hot Jobs. Instead, they will advertise on their local employment
site to avoid being overwhelmed with applicants and, often, because they
are not interested in paying relocation costs.
Visiting a Super Site such as Monster and using the location filter, for example,
Dallas, Texas will not result in the same results you get from using TexasJobs
and using Dallas as your search criteria. Even if you are conducting a national
job search it is worth visiting the regional and local sites.
Tips for Your Job Search
Most online job seekers concentrate all their efforts on the large,
well known commercial job search sites. The smaller specialized or regional
sites are often underutilized because they are difficult to find using traditional
search engines and they don’t spend millions on advertising. Since these smaller
sites are underutilized, the sophisticated manager, professional or executive job
seeker will take full advantage of these specialized resources.
Use the Job Search Site Directory(s) to locate all of the sites that could be
useful in your job search. Concentrate your efforts on locating the sites
specific to your industry, occupation and target location. Don’t focus on
the large job sites. Investigate the jobs and resources available on the specialized sites for
immediate use or for future reference.
Have you ever arrived at a job to make a repair, only to have the customer rant and rave for 15 minutes about the last technician or company that was there, and how they screwed the system all up? Who hasn’t, right?
So what do you do? LISTEN. That’s all they want, someone to listen to them. Let them vent, and get it off of their chest. When they pause for breath, they’re usually done. Don’t disagree or argue with them, or you will give them another shot of adrenaline, and off they go again. You will always lose in an argument with your customer, no matter who is right.
If they are bad-mouthing another company, don’t agree with them either. You are not there to pass judgment on anyone else. If you talk down about another company, the customer will think badly of you, too.
I know, you’re just there to get the job done, and move on to the next one. But half of your job, as a service tech, is PR work. You are the person that the customer deals with on a face-to-face basis. When he/she talks to anyone in your company on the phone, it’s your face they see in their mind.
You are not there to blame others. You are not there to accept blame for the problem, either. However, it is okay to apologize for the problem. “Wow, sir, I’m really sorry this happened to you.” You’re not admitting that it’s your fault, but you are showing that you care that this happened to him. Your next line to say is, “Let me see what I can do to take care of this for you”. Now, he feels that you are on his side, and will probably leave you alone to do what you have to do.
Don’t be afraid to admit when you’re in over your head, either. Your customer will understand and appreciate your service more if you say to him, “This is a little beyond me, but I’m calling (another tech/my supervisor/tech support), and we’ll do what we can to get this fixed”. If you don’t know the answer, at least know where to turn for it. That’s what will make you a good tech. And, don’t ever say, “That’s not my job”. You’ve just slammed a door in the customer’s face. Prepare for tongue-lashing number 2. A better answer would be: “That is usually handled by our (Billing/Service/Sales) department. Would you like me to (get them on the phone/give you the number/let them know)?”
Always be honest with your customer. It’s a lot easier to remember the truth, than it is to remember which lie you told to which customer the last time you were here.
I’ve always treated my customers as I would treat a friend. This doesn’t always work, though. Sometimes, it’s obvious that the customer doesn’t want another friend; they want a professional to take care of the repairs. You’ll just have to play it by ear.
Remember, if you don’t present yourself to the customer as a professional, they will:
- Wonder if you will be able to serve their needs.
- Tend to ignore any advice you offer.
- Pretty much give you a hard time, all the way around.
- Include your company’s name in their next tirade.
Don’t be part of the problem. Be part of the solution. The customer will remember that the next time he needs service. P.S. Probably the best thing I’ve ever heard upon arriving at a job is, “Oh, thank God you’re here. I know it’ll get fixed this time.” (Ouch. I think I just broke my arm!)
Every criminal case begins with an investigation. Law enforcement officers investigate an alleged crime and make a report. This report might be very brief or it might be detailed. One officer might make one report or many officers might write many reports. Regardless, at some point these reports are assembled into a file which is sent to the District Attorney’s office possible legal action.
What Happens Now?
Someone might be arrested very quickly, but from that point on the process can be very slow. In Texas, in a misdemeanor case (one with a maximum jail sentence of one year) the District Attorney’s office decides whether or not to proceed with a criminal charge. The D.A.’s office proceeds by filing what is known as a “complaint”. In a felony case (one with a possibility of more than a year of confinement) the case must go to a “Grand Jury” which is a group of citizens who determine whether or not there is enough evidence to go forward (there almost always is).
If you are charged with a crime, realize that it is very likely that your case might drag on for a very long time. The only way for a criminal case to end quickly is with some sort of agreement. Sometimes that is with a very good deal for the defense or with the defense quickly admitting fault. Make sure you work closely with your attorney and are aware of the effects of taking or rejecting a plea offer.
Guilty, Not Guilty and Plea Bargains
At some point in a criminal case the prosecutor will make an offer to settle the case. Typically this involves some sort of a plea deal, but there are a large number of possibilities. Your attorney should be able and willing to explain the pros and cons to any offer.
At some point you will need to enter your plea. In the vast majority of cases there are three options. Guilty, Not Guilty or Nolo Contendere (No Contest). Guilty is fairly obvious, when someone pleads Guilty they are admitting that they did it. Typically, this is the result of some sort of a plea bargain.
Not Guilty means that the defendant is saying that they did not do it. In this case a jury will decide whether or not the prosecutor has proven their case beyond a reasonable doubt.
Nolo Contendere (No Contest) means that you are not saying you did it, and you are not saying you didn’t do it… you are just saying you aren’t going to fight it. There are slight differences between pleading Guilty and Nolo Contendere, but ultimately, if you plead Nolo Contendere the judge will treat it the same as a Guilty plea.
If you don’t come to an agreement with the prosecutor, it is not unusual to wait over a year to get your trial. Ask your attorney what kind of timetable your particular court has to avoid any unpleasant surprises.
You Need to Shut Up
Sorry to be so blunt, but the phrase, “Take advantage of your Fifth Amendment right to remain silent” doesn’t seem to sink in. Even a fish wouldn’t get caught if it just kept its mouth shut.
Fight the urge to talk your way out of trouble. You won’t. If you are a suspect in a criminal case and the police want to talk to you, you can only make things worse by giving a statement.
The reason for this is that when an officer asks you to give “your side” of the story, one of only two possible situations exist. The first possibility is that the officer(s) believe that they have enough evidence to arrest you even if you don’t say anything. The second possibility is that they don’t feel as if they have enough evidence to arrest you.
If the police believe there is enough evidence to arrest you then they will bring you down to give “Your side of the story”, after which they will arrest you. The purpose of having you give “Your side of the story” before they arrest you is so you commit yourself to your story before you have a chance to think or get a lawyer. Good officers also know that the more you talk the more likely you are to say something your prosecutor can use against you.
Often, officers will ask for your statement even if they don’t feel they have enough evidence to arrest you already. They will give you every opportunity to incriminate yourself. It is amazing how many people do.
When I ask my clients, “Why did you give a statement?” the most common answer is, “I did because I didn’t want to look dishonest.” The law in Texas is clear. IF YOU ASK TO REMAIN SILENT, THE JURY WILL NOT SEE OR HEAR THE REQUEST. Also, IF YOU ASK FOR A LAWYER, THE JURY WILL NOT SEE OR HEAR THE REQUEST.
When the prosecutor looks at the video, the prosecutor will not think, “Hey! That guy’s dishonest!” The prosecutor will think, “Hmm… that’s one piece of evidence I don’t have.”
When a policeman, attorney or judge is being investigated the first thing they always do is shut up. The second thing is ask for their lawyer. There is a reason for that.
The bottom line is, you don’t know the law. I have NEVER, EVER, EVER had a client that was glad that they went to the police to “clear things up”. What people think is a “defense” or, even worse, “explanation” is often a confession. Shut up and discuss your case with your lawyer.
Don’t Give Your Permission
For anything. Don’t give permission to search your car. Don’t give permission to search your house. Don’t give permission to look in your trunk. Don’t give permission to look in your pockets.
Tell the police officers that you won’t give permission for anything without speaking with your lawyer. If you give “your consent” to something your lawyer typically can’t complain about it later. If you give your consent to search your house, for example, your lawyer can’t complain that the police had no right to be there, or that the warrant was defective, etc…
The law regarding searches and seizures is amazingly complicated. It is also changing constantly. Even I regularly have to look up the law to see how it has changed or how it could, would or should be applied in a particular situation.
If you give your consent to anything, it is usually impossible for your lawyer to challenge the validity of it later. Police officers have to make legal judgments in a snap. It is hard job and mistakes are inevitable. Just because they say that they could get a warrant (for example) doesn’t mean that they can (or will).
Officers love when suspects give consent. It usually means that they won’t have to worry about the evidence they find being thrown out of court for legal reasons.
Don’t Believe the Police
Would it surprise you to learn that the police lie? Doesn’t seem right, does it? Aren’t police supposed to be completely honest?
Lying is a completely proper investigative technique. We want our officers to be able to lie. Every undercover detective has to tell many lies and exercise deception.
Good police officers use deception in many different ways. Telling a suspect that they have DNA when they don’t in order to get a confession is very good police work. It is also good police work to make a suspect feel comfortable and believed while the suspect is giving a statement.
Officers don’t have to tell you that they are officers. A good officer would never lie in court, but a good officer will lie during an investigation in order to get information or evidence.
Deception is a valid law enforcement tool.
Take Care when Choosing a Lawyer
Facing criminal charges is a turning point in a person’s life. What happens during a person’s criminal case will affect them for the rest of their lives. Internet background searches are getting cheaper and cheaper and a person’s criminal history will determine whether or not they get a job, mortgage, etc.. Picking a defense attorney is a bigger decision than it has ever been, and it has always been huge.
There are many factors to consider when picking an attorney. Whether or not your lawyer is a former prosecutor is a huge consideration. Another important consideration is whether or not your lawyer is a trial attorney. Also, listen to your instincts when choosing a defense attorney.
It is very difficult to defend or tear into a criminal case if you don’t know how to build one. Only a prosecutor or a former prosecutor knows in detail how to build a criminal case. Only a prosecutor or a former prosecutor knows in detail what sort of evidentiary and practical problems a prosecutor faces on a regular basis.
When lawyers are accused of crimes, they usually pick a former prosecutor to defend them.
Be very aware of whether or not your attorney is an actual trial attorney. Some defense attorneys never go to trial. Most defense attorneys rarely go to trial. Only a select few defense lawyers actually try cases on a regular basis. Prosecutors know which attorneys are willing to fight them and which attorneys will eventually take whatever deal they are offered.
Make sure you know whether or not your attorney actually tries cases.
Another very important consideration is whether or not you feel comfortable with your lawyer. If you are putting your life in someone’s hands, you have the right to feel comfortable with them. Trust yourself to know which lawyer is the right fit for you. You will have to work very closely with them.
This Guide is Only the Beginning
When I meet with a new client, I typically take a long time to answer their questions. Their lives are on the line and if I was in their position, I would have a million questions about what is going on. It is your lawyer’s job to make certain you understand exactly what is going on with your criminal case.
There is no way that this guide could have answered all of your questions. Hopefully, this guide has given you something to think about regarding your criminal case. Please feel free to use this guide as a beginning point to conversations with your lawyer.
Do not base any decision you make based solely on this guide. Use your attorney to understand exactly what is going on in your particular case. Your case is unique and you need to rely on your lawyer to help you decide what is right for you, in your own defense.
Common Crimes and Penalties in Texas
In Texas, the legislature has divided up criminal offenses based on the crime’s severity. Crimes that the legislature believes to be more serious have higher minimum punishments and/or maximum punishments. In most cases, probation is possible instead of incarceration, but that will depend on the very specific factors of any particular case. These rules are full of exceptions and it is important to ask your lawyer how the particular facts of your case may affect your potential punishment. It is important that you know that information.
The least severe “crimes” are class “C” misdemeanors. They are punishable with no jail time and up to a $500 fine. The majority of traffic tickets fall into this category. Examples include Public Intoxication, Driving Under the Influence (NOT THE SAME AS DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED) and most Thefts under $50.
Class “B” misdemeanors are punishable by up to a $2000 fine and up to 6 months in jail. Driving While Intoxicated (First Offense), Most Thefts between $50 and $500, Possession of Marijuana (less than 2 ounces) and Driving While License Invalid are in this punishment range.
Class “A” misdemeanors are punishable by up to a $4000 fine and up to a year in jail. Crimes of this class include Driving While Intoxicated (Second Offense), Most thefts between $500 and $1500, Possession of Marijuana (2 to 4 ounces) and Assault causing bodily injury.
“State Jail” Felonies have a punishment range from 6 months to 2 years behind bars. It is very important to be aware that anyone doing time for a state jail felony will not get any “good time” credit. Someone sentenced to a year in state jail will spend every day for a year incarcerated. These crimes include Possession of Cocaine (less than 1 gram), Possession of Marijuana (4 ounces to 5 pounds), and Thefts between $1500 and $20,000.
Common Terms During a Criminal Case
Don’t be afraid to stop and ask your attorney what something means if you don’t understand it. Criminal lawyers and judges use some words so often that they don’t realize that not everyone speaks lawyer.
When a person refers to a “1244” they are referring to a section of the Texas Code of Criminal Procedure which allows for misdemeanor punishment for certain felony offenses. Typically, these offers need to be negotiated for with the D.A. “My cellmate told me to file a ‘1244’ motion”.
2 for 1, 3 for 1, etc.
This typically refers to a particular type of plea deal where certain cases are dismissed in exchange for a Guilty or No Contest plea on a case or cases. Typically, the first number refers to the number of cases pleaded guilty to and the second number is the cases being dismissed.”The Prosecutor is offering us a 3 for 2, but we can’t choose which two.”
The formal process of getting a case overturned after conviction. “It is better to avoid an appeal than to win one.”
The legal obligation to prove a case. “In a criminal case the state has the burden to prove their case beyond a reasonable doubt. The defense does not have to prove anything.”
The generic term for both Probation and Deferred Adjudication. “After pleading Guilty, he had to go to the Community Supervision office.”
A “Crawford Issue” refers to the Supreme Court case of Crawford v. Washington, which greatly limited the types of evidence that could come in against a criminal defendant. It typically comes up in the context of a hearsay statement, but must be objected to separately to preserve the issue for appeal. “Harry’s case would have been overturned on appeal, but his lawyer did not make a ‘Crawford’ objection.”
Deferred Adjudication is a special type of probation or community supervision. While on Deferred Adjudication a person will be treated exactly the same as if they were on probation. The major difference is that after completing the term of Deferred Adjudication, the charges are dismissed. Another difference is that if Deferred Adjudication is revoked, the judge has available the full range of incarceration available. “Tom was given deferred adjudication, but he messed up and the judge sentenced him to the full 20 years in prison.”
Formal removal of a charge pending against someone. “Jimmy was happy. He had all of his charges dismissed.”
Serious crime punishable by over a year incarceration. “Wendy had faced misdemeanor charges before, but this was her first felony.”
The general rule that a person can not testify to what another person said. There are many exceptions and usually hearsay can come in. An important exception applies to a criminal defendant based on the Supreme Court case, “Crawford v. Washington”. Even though Crawford is technically not a “hearsay” objection, they typically come up together.
Holding cells for less serious offenders and those awaiting trial. “Even though jail is not prison, it still isn’t fun.”
A crime where the maximum punishment is no greater than one year in jail. Misdemeanor cases are heard in County Courts. “Doug was on probation for a misdemeanor charge when he ‘picked up’ his felony.”
Method in which a defense attorney (or prosecutor) asks for something from the judge. “Janice’s lawyer filed a Motion to Suppress in order to keep out certain evidence.”
No Contest (Nolo Contendere)
A plea that states that even though you are not saying you actually did it, you are agreeing to be found Guilty by a judge. “When Pat pled No Contest, it had the same effect as a guilty plea.”
An objection is the formal means to put disagreement with what is occurring/has occurred on the record. If a defense attorney doesn not object at the right moment, the defendant often gives up his right to complain later. “The testimony against Brutus shouldn’t have come into evidence, but the defense attorney did not object.”
The declaration of a defendant (Usually Guilty, Not Guilty or No Contest) as to their guilt, or lack thereof. “Bob pled Not Guilty and has always said he didn’t do it.”
Plea Agreement or “Bargain”
Typically, an agreement between the prosecutor and defense as to the punishment a defendant will receive if he pleads Guilty or No Contest. “Shirley was going to go to trial, but when the Prosecutor offered her Deferred Adjudication, she changed her mind.”
Slang for having charges filed against a person. “Ernest was on parole when he picked up the Assault charge.”
When a defense attorney makes a proper objection in a proper form it is said to be “Preserving Error”. “After winning his appeal, Oscar was happy his attorney preserved error at his trial.”
In Texas, where serious criminals go for years. “Robert was not surprised when the judge gave him 20 years in prison.”
A person on probation is watched very closely by the government as an alternative to incarceration. Conditions must be followed and if the judge believes a condition of probation is violated the judge can send the probationer to jail or prison. “Maxine has happy to get probation. She thought she was going to prison.”
Type of plea deal where the defendant pleads Guilty or No Contest to a less serious charge. “Neil was not going to plea Guilty, but when the prosecutor offered a reduction from Aggravated Assault with a Deadly Weapon to Simple Assault, he agreed to a plea bargain.”
An intermediate correctional facility between jail and prison. “If you get sentenced to State Jail, you don’t get good time credit.”
State Jail Felony
In Texas, a felony punishable by 6 months to 2 years in a specifically designated “State Jail Facility”. Prisoners sent to State Jail Facilities receive no good time credit. “Even though Nancy was sentenced to less time than Julie, Nancy was behind bars longer, because she committed a State Jail Felony.”
To keep evidence out of a trial. “The judge suppressed the evidence found in the trunk, because the stop was illegal.”
Decision in a case. “It took the jury 20 hours to return with a ‘Not Guilty’ verdict.”
The process of jury selection. “After the court finished the voir dire, a jury was seated.”